ISO 527-4 Tensile Properties of Isotropic and Orthotropic Fiber-Reinforced Plastic Composites

This part of ISO 527 specifies the test conditions for determining the tensile properties of isotropic and orthotropic fibre-reinforced plastic composites. Typical reinforcement materials include glass fibers, carbon fibers, aramid fibers and other similar fibers. The properties typically desired from these materials include ultimate strength, strain at failure, modulus, and in some cases, Poisson's Ratio.

A suitable system for testing these types of materials would be an electromechanical testing machine with mechanical wedge grips or pneumatic side-acting grips. The choice of jaw faces may vary depending on sample type, but typically serrated faces are used. An extensometer is also required to accurately measure strain. Non-contacting extensometers, such as the Advanced Video Extensometer 2 (AVE 2), have the resolution and accuracy to measure strain to failure for most composite materials. It is important to note, that because such little strain occurs within the initial linear elastic region of the stress-strain curve where modulus is measured, a clip-on extensometer is typically required in order to achieve the standard's extremely tight accuracy specification of approximately 1um.

If Poisson's Ratio is a desired property to be calculated, both an axial and a transverse extensometer are required. We find that our customers typically use a biaxial extensometer for this type of application.

For more information visit: How to Perform a Tensile Test on Composite Materials According to ISO 527-4

Related Content

3300 Series - Affordable Testing Solutions

Instron 3300 Series Universal Testing Systems for Tensile, Compression, Bend, and other material property tests.

  • Products
  • 6/19/2017
  • 2.2 MB

5900 Series Premier Testing Systems Brochure

5900 Universal Testing Systems are engineered for precision, built for durability, and offer the flexibility for changing requirements. They are designed with standard and optional features that increase testing efficiency and improve the testing experience for the operator. A wide range of models are available for testing capacities from < 100N up to 600kN.

  • Products
  • 1/22/2019
  • 6.8 MB

Bluehill Universal Brochure

Bluehill Universal Software is built from the ground-up for touch interaction and an intuitive user experience. Discover simpler and smarter testing with features such as pre-loaded test methods, QuickTest in seconds, enhanced data exporting: and Instron Connect – a new feature that provides a direct communication link to Service. Users of previous versions of software such as Bluehill 2 and Bluehill 3 can easily upgrade to the newest version of Bluehill.

  • Products
  • 2/26/2017
  • 2.6 MB

2630 Series Strain Gauge Extensometers

The 2630-100 series of extensometers offers speed of attachment and ease-of-use. The light-weight, rugged cross-brace design eliminates errors caused by physical distortion, while built-in protection ensures that damage is not caused by over-extension. The low operating-force arms of the extensometer reduce the possibility of knife-edge slippage when testing hard or smooth surfaced materials.

  • Products
  • 6/3/2013
  • 241.0 KB

W-E402 Series Biaxial Extensometers

W-E402 Series Biaxial extensometers are ideally suited for testing anisotropic materials such as advanced composites as well as for general purpose tests such as determining Poisson’s ratio.

  • Products
  • 12/10/2007
  • 1.0 MB